Knowledge of sea terms and parts of a boat, her rigging and sails
•Understand orders given concerning the sailing and day-to-day running of the boat
•Bending on, setting, reefing and handling of sails. Use of sheets and halyards and their associated winches.
•How to tie a rolling hitch, single and double sheet bend, and knows their correct use
•Use sheets and halyards and their associate winches
•Handle ropes, including coiling, stowing, securing to cleats and single and double bollards
•Tie the following knots and knows their correct use: figure-of-eight, clove hitch, bowline, round turn and two half hitches, and reef knot
Fire precautions and fighting
•Awareness of the hazards of fire and the precautions necessary to prevent fire.
•Knowledge of the action to be taken in the event of a fire.
Personal safety equipment
•Understands and complies with rules for the wearing of safety harnesses, life jackets and personal buoyancy aids.
•Understands the actions to be taken to recover a man overboard and how cold water shock can affect a casualty in the water
•Can operate distress flares and knows when they should be used.
•Understands how to launch and board a life raft.
Manners and customs
Understands accepted practice with regard to
•Use of burgees and ensigns, prevention of unnecessary noise or disturbances to the harbour including courtesies to other craft berthed alongside.
Rules of the road
•Is able to keep an efficient lookout at sea.
•The loading rules and complies with them
•The use and importance of a kill cord
•Safety equipment for tenders
•Awareness of forecasting services and where to obtain a forecast and knowledge of the Beaufort scale.
Helmsmanship and sailing
•Understands the basic principles of sailing and can steer and trim sails on all points of sailing. Can steer a compass course, under sail and power.
•Has carried out general duties satisfactorily on deck and below decks in connection with the daily routine of the vessel.